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Glossary of Common Urologic Terms

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Radical Perineal Prostatectomy
Surgery to remove the entire prostate gland. It is used to treat cancer that is localized within the prostate gland. The incision is made in the perineum, midway between rectum and scrotum.
Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy
Surgery to remove the entire prostate gland. It is used to treat caner that is localized within the prostate gland. The incision is made in the lower abdomen.
Recurrence
Cancer that has retured after treatment.
Robotic Prostatectomy
Laparoscopic prostatectomy, when it is carried out with the assistance of a robot. Laparoscopic robotic arms are controlled by a surgeon.
Robotic Surgery
This includes the use of the da Vinci surgical system to perform laparascopic surgery. Robotic surgery can be used in gynecology to treat fibroids, abnormal periods, endometriosis, ovarian tumors, pelvic prolapse, and female cancers. Using the robotic system, gynecologists can perform hysterectomies, myomectomies, and lymph node biopsies. Robotic surgery is used in urology to remove the prostate gland for cancer, repair or removal of kidneys and repair bladder abnormalities.