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Glossary of Common Urologic Terms

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Palliative Care
Form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms, rather than striving to halt, delay, or reverse progression of the disease itself or provide a cure. The goal is to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness.
Pathologist
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the normal support of the vagina is lost resulting in "sagging" or dropping of the bladder, urethra, cervix and rectum. As the prolapse of the vagina and uterus progresses, women can feel bulging tissue protruding through the opening of the vagina.
Pelvis
The lower portion of the abdomen located between the hip bones.
Perineum
The area between the anus and the scrotum.
Prostate
A gland of the male reproductive system that produces a milky, white fluid.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)
An enzyme present in very small amounts in men that helps to liquefy semen. It is produced by the prostate and is found in higher amounts in the blood or men with prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or infection or inflammation of the prostate.